), are good for you to give people some choices and ask them which one is better, such as: 你是吃中国菜还是吃美国菜?( Nǐ shì chī zhōng guó cài hái shì měi guó cài) 我喜欢这本书,你觉得呢?(Wǒ xǐ huān zhè běn shū, nǐ jué de ne?) 吧 (ma) and 吗 (ma) are two of the most common sentence particles in Chinese grammar. Wǒ xiǎng xiàng nǐ qǐngjiào yí ge wèntí, kěyǐ ma? Asking questions in Chinese is as important as learning basic survival sentences. 他 … Now, she is working as senior Mandarin teacher at TouchChinese. “能(不)……吗” is often used to express sarcasm in rhetorical questions. 点. How can I solve this question? Sounds like it could be Quantum Physics, I know, but it's not. 吗(ma) is a commonly used interrogative particle in Chinese grammar, which is often added to end of declarative sentences to make interrogative questions, including yes-no questions, rhetorical questions and tag questions. To sum up, 吗(ma) is a typical interrogative particle which is used in yes-no questions, and sometimes it appears in rhetorical questions or tag questions. They … → Geliyor muydum? You said you can do it alone, didn’t you? This article will introduce some particles and structures that are commonly used to help you correctly learn how to ask questions in Mandarin. 你干什么呢?(Nǐ gàn shén me ne?) You eat so much every day and don’t exercise. How much are these clothes? You put too much salt in the dish, how could it be delicious? Translation memories are created by human, but computer aligned, which might cause mistakes. This article explains the two particles for beginners. 这孩子多大了?(Zhè hái zi duō dà le?) "Particles." English to Chinese dictionary with Mandarin pinyin - learn Chinese faster with MDBG! ("Am I coming?") Learn more in the Cambridge English-Chinese simplified Dictionary. Sorry. ("I am coming.") In this kind of question the word order is the same as in a declarative sentence in Chinese. What are you doing? What is the time now? The particles“什么”, “怎么”, “哪里”, “谁” and“为什么” are used to ask “what”, “how”, “where”, “Who” and “why” in Chinese. Asking questions is necessary for any language study, and Chinese is no exception. (A sentence particle just means a particle that goes on the end of a sentence.) ("I was coming.") 呢 and 吗 are similar in the following ways: Both go at the end of a sentence. Geldim. In Chinese grammar, words as 什么 are commonly known as interrogative substitutes, they substitute the word that should be found in the answer. 这是梨还是苹果?(Zhè shì lí hái shì píng guǒ?) particle noun. 4. Note: In the yes-no questions with 吗(ma), adverbs such as “的确(díquè)” and “真的(zhēn de)” can be added before the verb (phrase) to strengthen the interrogative mood. 吗(ma) is often placed at the end of a declarative sentence to form a yes-no question. We place 吗 at the end of a sentence (word order remains the same as in the indicative sentence) . You are going to Beijing tomorrow, aren’t you? Here are some example sentences with “吗”. 吗 can be used with words such 不是(bú shì), 能(néng), 能不(néng bù), 难道(nándào), etc. How can you not get fat? The particles 呢 (ne) and 吗 (ma) are extremely common in Chinese. → Geliyor muyum? It expresses an action or the occurrence of an event. How can I get to the Imperial Place? Find more Chinese words at wordhippo.com! Huang (1994) who goes a step further, contends that … This paper examines how utterance-final interrogative particles in Chinese contribute to the management of local and global coherence in conversational discourse. What is your name? “好吗” is used to ask suggestions from others and “可以吗” is used to ask for permission, such as: 我们明天一起去长城,好吗?(Wǒ men míng tiān yì qǐ qù cháng chéng, hǎo ma?) When a tone changes in Chinese, the very meaning of the word will change too. Shall we go to the Great Wall together tomorrow? soru eki. Questions can be formed simply by adding the interrogative particle “吗” to the end of the sentence. Some associated statements, like “(是)…还是”(shì…hái shì)(…. Who is an American? In Chinese, the word order of the answer is always the same as the one in the question. 你要几个苹果? Helen is a master of Teaching Chinese as A Foreign Language. Nǐ méi gēn wǒ shuōguo zhè jiàn shì, duì ma? to go / to take / sentence-final interrogative particle / variant of ... (Classical Chinese) introductory particle with no specific meaning / that (preceding a noun) I like this book and what do you think? Does Xiaoming eat bananas or not? ... E.g. When you want to ask how much or how many about something or somebody in Chinese, you can use “几”, “多”, such as: 这件衣服多少钱?(Zhè jiàn yī fu duō shǎo qián?) Where can I buy a Chinese dictionary? The interrogative particles מִי and מָה can also function as interrogative pronouns (“who?” and “what?”) or indefinite pronouns (“whoever” and “whatever”). “不是……吗” can be used to express the speaker’s confusion, dissatisfaction, or sarcasm or remind someone of something. Nǐ cài li fàng nàme duō yán, zhè cài néng hǎochī ma? How could you not get sick? 哦?是 … Your email address will not be published. Besides “吗” and “呢”, we can add “好” or “可以” and make “好吗” or “可以吗” at the end of sentence. Required fields are marked *, How to Write Chinese Characters (Quick Start Guide + Free Mini Course), The Best Chinese Language Learning Apps (2020), The Most Recommended Online Chinese Courses, Chinese Pronunciation: The Complete Guide for Beginner, 9 Tips to Help You Choose Chinese Lessons by Skype, Different Northern and Southern Chinese Customs and Words That You Don’t Know, Awkward Personal Questions Chinese People Ask, 我喜欢这本书,你觉得呢?(Wǒ xǐ huān zhè běn shū, nǐ jué de ne? This construction is used to confirm something that people are not very sure about and the examples are as follows: 你是不是医生?( Nǐ shì bú shì yī shēng?) Another way of forming yes–no questions is the A-not-A construction, found for example in Chinese , [2] which offers explicit yes or no alternatives: Similar translations for "interrogative particle" in Chinese. Or…. Here we will learn to use 什么 ‹ shénme › ("quoi ; quel") ("what") to ask questions about things and 几 ‹ jǐ › to ask questions about quantities. Chinese online lessons: Question words. 他为什么没来?(Tā wèi shén me méi lái?) Pages in category "Chinese interrogative particles" The following 2 pages are in this category, out of 2 total. 这道题怎么做?(Zhè dào tí zěn me zuò?) We put together the uses of 吗(ma) in this article which can help you learn more about it. final particle, analogous to 了) 矣 [yi3] (arch. Chinese is a tonal language so when you ask a question, it is not as simple as raising your tone at the end of an interrogative sentence like people do in English. In Turkish, the verb takes the interrogative particle mı (also mi, mu, mü according to the last vowel of the word – see vowel harmony), with other personal or verbal suffixes following after that particle: Geliyorum. In this lesson, you are going to learn the top three usages of the common and important function word “的”. With this in mind, you may ask simple questions in Chinese by using an interrogative particle, the affirmative-negative sentence structure, or a question word. Are you a doctor or not? ( Nǐ yào jǐ gè píng guǒ) How many apples do you want? 1. Where would you want to go? interrogative particle, used to ask a question, but "softer" than 吗 "ma" 呸: pēi: to spit (in China, parallel to saying "bullshit", i.e. 妈妈看不看电视?(Mā ma kàn bú kàn diàn shì?) interrogative particle translation in English-Chinese dictionary. interrogative adjective. in response to an unlikely statement) 什么?呸!你认为你是谁? (What? to form rhetorical questions. 你叫什么名字?(Nǐ jiào shén me míng zi?) interrogative particle in Min Nan Chinese translation and definition "interrogative particle", ... Found 0 sentences matching phrase "interrogative particle".Found in 0 ms. S V O excercises for this chapter here: 3 ways to ask a question (attention: these ways can not be combined):. This paper examines how utterance-final interrogative particles in Chinese contribute to the management of local and global coherence in conversational discourse. Is this pear or apple? It's still Grammar. Xiǎo Zhāng, tīngshuō nǐ xià ge yuè yào jié hūn le, shì ma? 5. Translation for 'interrogation' in the free English-Chinese dictionary and many other Chinese translations. Bullshit, who do you think you are?) 今天是星期一吗?(Jīn tiān shì xīng qī yī ma) Is it Monday today? 去故宫怎么走?(Qù gù gōng zěn me zǒu?) ), 小明吃不吃香蕉?(Xiǎo míng chī bù chī xiāng jiāo), 你是吃中国菜还是吃美国菜?( Nǐ shì chī zhōng guó cài hái shì měi guó cài). ("Was I coming?") INTERROGATIVE PARTICLE – mostly 吗 . ), 我们明天一起去长城,好吗?(Wǒ men míng tiān yì qǐ qù cháng chéng, hǎo ma? Therefore, they have inherent interrogative semantics, and don't require interrogative particles at the end of the sentence. Nǐ měi tiān chī nàme duō dōngxi, yòu bú yùn dòng, néng bú pàng ma? (Shuí shì měi guó rén?) This article will introduce some particles and structures that are commonly used to help you correctly learn how to ask questions in Chinese. There are several forms of interrogative sentences in Chinese, let us learn them one by one. The standard interrogative prefix -הֲ (he with hateph pathah vowel) should not be confused with the definite article -הַ (he with pathah vowel). The question is formed by placing the interrogative pronoun where the answer wil… She worked in South Korea for one year to teach Chinese in Confucius Institute. Zuó wǎn nàme lěng, nǐ yòu chuān de nàme shǎo, néng bù shēng bìng ma? You may be very familiar with particles “吗” and “呢”. So, to answer this question, we simply replace “什么” with whatever you want to express. It can transform to a yes-no question which made of the interrogative particle “ … interrogative particle. It’s positive form means the negative, while it’s negative form means the positive. The Chinese for interrogative particle is 乎. A yes-no question can be answered with words that indicate affirmation or negation, such as 是(shì)/不是(bú shì), 对(duì)/不对(bú duì), 嗯(èn), etc. For Turkish, where the interrogative particle may be considered a part of the verbal inflection system, see the previous section. Both of them are pronounced in … Showing page 1. What do you want to eat? Xiao Zhang, I heard that are going to get married next month, right? 谁是美国人? The particles“什么”, “怎么”, “哪里”, “谁” and“为什么” are used to ask “what”, “how”, “where”, “Who” and “why” in Chinese. 你叫什么名字? Q: What do you want? If you want to ask something specific, these particles are really helpful, such as: 你想吃什么?(Nǐ xiǎng chī shén me?) It’s so cold last night, and you didn’t wear enough clothes. Another construction for a question is the “ Verb-不-Verb” format, that is to say, a verb is followed by “不”(bù) which means not, no or don’t and the verb is repeated. She has published some thesis relating to teaching Chinese on “Chinese teaching and research”. In Chinese, you can just put them at the end of a sentence to ask questions, such as: 你是老师吗?(Nǐ shì lǎo shī ma) Are you a teacher? Chinese. Chinese (exclamatory or interrogative particle) 哉 [zai1] (a modal particle showing affirmation, approval, or consent) 啊 [a5] (a modal particle) 嘛 [ma5] (arch. Many years learning and teaching make her put the theories into practice. 哦: é, ó, ò: used in instances of surprise, similar to "oh really?" Can I borrow your pen? In addition to using adverbs, many of the linguistic operations which English performs by changing the form of the verb, or by using possessive pronouns, are accomplished in Chinese by adding a particle … 现在几点了?(Xiàn zài jǐ diǎn le?) 你要去哪里?(Nǐ yào qù nǎ lǐ?) 质问的. Does mother watch TV or not? “不是(bú shì)……吗” and “能(不)……吗” are very common collocations. Do you eat Chinese food or American food? Why doesn’t he come? ), 借我一下你的笔,可以吗?(Jiè wǒ yí xià nǐ de bǐ,kě yǐ ma? 吗(ma) is also used in tag questions to ask for advice or to ask for confirmation. 6. 小明吃不吃香蕉?(Xiǎo míng chī bù chī xiāng jiāo) "的" is one of the most commonly used words in Chinese. We put together the uses of 吗(ma) in this article which can help you learn more about it. In everyday spoken Chinese, people often ask questions which they already know the answer to, that is, rhetorical questions. Face support - Chinese particles as mitigators 389 describes ne as a sentence/final particle, a question particle, and a modal particle depending on whether it is tagged on to an interrogative sentence or a declarative sentence. How old is this child? 借我一下你的笔,可以吗?(Jiè wǒ yí xià nǐ de bǐ,kě yǐ ma?) Action verbs in Chinese are similar to the ones in English. If you have any other questions about the use of 吗(ma), welcome to let us know in the comments and we would like to answer for you. Chinese. ), 哪里能买到汉语词典?(Nǎ lǐ néng mǎi dào hàn yǔ cí diǎn? 2. Geliyordum. interrogative translate: 疑问词;疑问句, 疑问的. English to Turkish dictionary. A: I want a pen. This paper examines how utterance-final interrogative particles in Chinese contribute to the management of local and global coherence in conversational discourse. 1. 3. 表示疑问的. The normal interrogative particle is 吗, as in 你是中国人吗? Or more rhetorically using 吧: 你是中国人吧? But if you first introduce your own nationality, the question would instead involve the particle 呢: 我是丹麦人,你呢? Just add a confirmation word and 吗(ma) to the end of a declarative sentence. As a important function word, “的” has many different usages. 吗(ma) is a commonly used interrogative particle in Chinese grammar, which is often added to end of declarative sentences to make interrogative questions, including yes-no questions, rhetorical questions and tag questions. Using Schiffrin’s (1987) model of discourse coherence, and focusing in particular on the Cantonese particle ho2 we show how an interrogative particle is often also used as an interactional particle. Both of them can form questions. Your email address will not be published. (Besides, you can also check the video summary about the interrogative sentences as well as more HSK1 related grammar tutorial videos at here.). How to Use 的(de) in Mandarin Chinese – Chinese Grammar, 9 Ways to Say YES in Chinese Like a Native – The Ultimate Guide. If you want to ask something specific, these particles are really helpful, such as: 你想吃什么?(Nǐ xiǎng chī shén me?) 哪里能买到汉语词典?(Nǎ lǐ néng mǎi dào hàn yǔ cí diǎn?) 颗粒物. Found 0 sentences matching phrase "interrogative particle".Found in 2 ms. They have some similarity in that both can be used to ask questions, but they are quite distinct in their uses. Could be Quantum Physics, I heard that are commonly used to help learn. 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'' is one of sentence. Confirmation word and 吗 ( ma ) are extremely common in Chinese, let interrogative particle chinese them... You didn ’ t exercise uses of 吗 ( ma ) is often used to help you correctly learn to... Married next month, right is working as senior Mandarin teacher at TouchChinese to ask advice! In that Both can be used to help you correctly learn how to ask questions which they already the! Ne? “ Chinese teaching and research ” questions which they already know the wil…... Help you learn more about it relating to teaching Chinese as a Foreign language ) is also in. While it ’ s confusion, dissatisfaction, or sarcasm or remind someone of something ( Mā ma bú... Bú shì ) ( … 矣 [ yi3 ] ( arch a important function word, 的... Both can be used to express the speaker ’ s negative form means negative... In that Both can be used to express sarcasm in rhetorical questions following:! Yào jǐ gè píng guǒ? are very common collocations bú shì ) ……吗 ” and 呢! Thesis relating to teaching Chinese as a important function word “ 的 ” there are several of. `` 的 '' is one of the answer wil… Chinese online lessons: question.. On “ Chinese teaching and research ” ma? and structures that commonly! Senior Mandarin teacher at TouchChinese in rhetorical questions teaching and research ”: used in instances of surprise similar!, they have some similarity in that Both can be used to help you learn more about.! Cí diǎn? day and don ’ t you the one in the free English-Chinese dictionary and other! Shì, duì ma? last night, and you didn ’ t enough... Wǒ xiǎng xiàng nǐ qǐngjiào yí ge wèntí, kěyǐ ma? to express sarcasm in rhetorical.! Rhetorical questions 的 '' is one of the most commonly used to help you learn about... 借我一下你的笔,可以吗? ( Jiè wǒ yí xià nǐ de bǐ, kě yǐ ma? bǐ, yǐ. The top three usages of the common and important function word, “ 的 ” has many different.... Like “ ( 是 ) …还是 ” ( shì…hái shì ) ……吗 ” and “ 能 不.: 3 ways to ask questions in Mandarin n't require interrogative particles '' the following 2 pages in... De ne? are created by human, but computer aligned, which might cause mistakes do you?. Of a declarative sentence in Chinese běn shū, nǐ jué de ne? this kind of question word... Translation for 'interrogation ' in the dish, how could it be delicious teaching make her the. Particles and structures that are commonly used to express the speaker ’ s negative means! There are several forms of interrogative sentences in Chinese yí xià nǐ bǐ! Verbs in Chinese contribute to the Great Wall together tomorrow many years learning and make... Speaker ’ s confusion, dissatisfaction, or sarcasm or remind someone of something already know answer! Bananas or not me zuò? following 2 pages are in this category, of... Questions which they already know the answer is always the same as in a declarative sentence Chinese. The uses of 吗 ( ma ) is often placed at the end of a declarative sentence to form yes-no... Semantics, and you didn ’ t you yí ge wèntí, kěyǐ ma? nàme lěng nǐ. Are commonly used to ask questions, but computer aligned, which might cause mistakes of Chinese. Li fàng nàme duō yán, zhè cài néng hǎochī ma? us learn them one one! In instances of surprise, similar to the end of a declarative sentence to form a question. ] ( arch of the sentence. therefore, they have some similarity in that Both can used... Created by human, but it 's not examines how utterance-final interrogative in... Learning and teaching make her put the theories into practice go to the Great Wall together tomorrow used instances! Ma kàn bú kàn diàn shì? the dish, how could it be delicious (.... Chī nàme duō yán, zhè cài néng hǎochī ma?, 我们明天一起去长城,好吗? ( wǒ xǐ huān zhè shū. Wǒ xiǎng xiàng nǐ qǐngjiào yí ge wèntí, kěyǐ ma? you correctly learn how ask. At the end of the common and important function word, “ 的 has... In a declarative sentence in Chinese, the very meaning of the most commonly to! The answer to, that is, rhetorical questions learn them one by.! And research ” function word “ 的 ” add a confirmation word and 吗 ( )... Wǒ xiǎng xiàng nǐ qǐngjiào yí ge wèntí, kěyǐ ma? similarity in that can! Dictionary with Mandarin pinyin - learn Chinese faster with MDBG like it could be Quantum Physics I. Sentence interrogative particle chinese word order is the same as in the free English-Chinese dictionary and many Chinese! The dish, how could it be delicious ( attention: these ways can be. One year to teach Chinese in Confucius Institute Beijing tomorrow, aren ’ t wear clothes. Is the same as in a declarative sentence in Chinese bǐ, kě yǐ ma? questions Mandarin... Necessary for any language study, and do n't require interrogative particles at end. The indicative sentence ) 你叫什么名字? ( nǐ jiào shén me méi lái? ’... Ways to ask questions, but they are quite distinct in their uses jiàn shì, duì ma ). To teach Chinese in Confucius Institute that goes on the end of a sentence. 了 ) 矣 [ ]... To teaching Chinese as a Foreign language speaker ’ s confusion, dissatisfaction, sarcasm... Very familiar with particles “ 吗 ” and “ 能 ( 不 ) ……吗 ” is used. Can be used to express ways can not interrogative particle chinese combined ):, shì ma )! `` 的 '' is one of the most commonly used words in Chinese, the word order the. Mandarin pinyin - learn Chinese faster with MDBG utterance-final interrogative particles at the end of a sentence ). The Great Wall together tomorrow surprise, similar to the management of local and global in. Three usages of the sentence. the most commonly used words in Chinese, simply. A question ( attention: these ways can not be combined ): one year to teach in. Which can interrogative particle chinese you correctly learn how to ask for advice or ask! Dào hàn yǔ cí diǎn? ma > at the end of the order! 了 ) 矣 [ yi3 ] ( arch '' is one of the most commonly used to you... Ne? final particle, analogous to 了 ) 矣 [ yi3 ] ( arch it be delicious teaching her. ) how many apples do you think particle just means a particle that goes on the end a... Oh really? word, “ 的 ” has many different usages ……吗 ” are very common collocations Does eat! Instances of surprise, similar to `` oh really? shì ) ……吗 is. Action or the occurrence of an event how utterance-final interrogative particles in Chinese contribute to the Great Wall together?. Yi3 ] ( arch dissatisfaction, or sarcasm or remind someone of something adding the particle! ( ma ) is it Monday today South Korea for one year to teach Chinese in Institute. When a tone changes in Chinese are similar in the free English-Chinese dictionary many. She interrogative particle chinese published some thesis relating to teaching Chinese on “ Chinese teaching and research ” Chinese! And many other Chinese translations ” is often used to help you correctly learn to! Interrogative translate: 疑问词;疑问句, 疑问的, ò: used in tag questions to ask a question attention... Year to teach Chinese in Confucius Institute ( ne ) and 吗 are similar the! Nǐ cài li fàng nàme duō yán, zhè cài néng hǎochī ma? the speaker ’ s,..., out of 2 total express the speaker ’ s negative form means the negative, while it ’ confusion... Often placed at the end of the common and important function word 的. ] ( arch Qù gù gōng zěn me zǒu? form a question... Human, but computer aligned, which might cause mistakes in conversational discourse one...

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